– the process by which data can be represented and summarised so that humans can better understand it

Hardware requirements for analysing, including:
– large amounts of primary and secondary storage allowing for fast processing
– fast processors allowing many rapid calculations

Software features for analysis, including:
– searching/selecting data
– sorting
– modelling/simulations
– what-if scenarios
– charts and graphs to identify trends
– file comparison

Non-computer tools, for analysing, including:
– searching manual filing systems
– non-computer models and simulations

Social and ethical issues associated with analysis, including:
– unauthorised analysis of data
– data incorrectly analysed
– erosion of privacy from linking databases for analysis